Potential Attrition in Education: Impact of Job Satisfaction, Morale, Workload and HIV/AIDS

by HALL, E.J., ALTMAN, M., NKOMO, N., PELTZER, K. & ZUMA, K. , 2005
Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council Press. Prepared for ELRC.

Any analysis of teacher attrition must assess workplace and labour market considerations. For example, dissatisfaction with the workplace can be an important inducement for teachers to seek alternative opportunities. The more teachers believe there are alternative opportunities, the less willing they might be to address workplace frustrations. The overall aim of this study (SOC_POL006) was to gain insight into the factors that determine the supply of and demand for educators in public schools. Reporting on the results obtained during a national survey of South African educators conducted in 2004, this particular component of the study focuses on educator attrition and the role played in attrition by job satisfaction, morale, workload and HIV/AIDS. A literature review provides the background to the report; this is followed by a brief overview of the survey methodology. The responses of educators who considered leaving their jobs are then compared with the responses of those who preferred to stay. The report ends with conclusions and recommendations.